Republic of Haiti
Motto: "L'Union Fait La Force" (French)
"Unity makes Strength"
ANTHEM: La Dessalinienne (Song of Dessalines).
OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: French, Haitian Creole
GOVERNMENT: Presidential republic
*President: René Préval
*Prime Minister: Jacques-Edouard Alexis
*Total 27,750 km²(10,714 sq mi)
*Water (%) 0.7
*2003 census: 8,527,817
*Density 335/km² (758.1/sq mi)
MONETARY UNIT: The gourde (G) is a paper currency of 100 centimes. There are coins of 5, 10, 20, and 50 centimes and notes of 1, 2, 5, 10, 50, 100, 250, and 500 gourdes. Silver (5, 10, and 25 gourdes) and gold (20, 50, 100, 200, 1,000 gourdes) coins have also been minted. US paper currency also circulates freely throughout Haiti. G1 = $0.0243 (or $1 = G41) as of May 2003.
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES: The metric system is official for customs purposes, but French colonial units and US weights also are used.
HOLIDAYS: Independence and New Year's Day, 1 January; Forefathers Day, 2 January; Pan American Day, 14 April; Labor Day, 1 May; Flag and University Day, 18 May; National Sovereignty Day, 22 May; Assumption, 15 August; Anniversary of the Death of Dessalines, 17 October; UN Day, 24 October; All Saints' Day, 1 November; Commemoration of the Battle of Vertières and Armed Forces Day, 18 November; Discovery of Haiti, 5 December; Christmas, 25 December. Movable religious holidays include Carnival (three days before Ash Wednesday) and Good Friday.
TIME: 7 AM = noon GMT.
List of further sources
- CIA World Factbook
- Haiti and the United States: The Psychological Moment
- MIT Western Hemisphere Project
- Haiti Innovation Project
- Cambridge Reads with Dr. Paul Farmer