Population Geography And Redevelopment

Major problems to address:
• 8,706,497 total people
• 10,714 square miles (27,750 km)
• Approximately 812 people/sq. mile—way too high as compared to the United States which has only about 80 people/sq. mile.
• 4.86 babies/women – economy is way to low to support a population this high
• 35.87 births and only 10.7 deaths per every 1000 people – population is growing at a very unhealthy rate
o Possible plan – institute a law like in China to limit the amount of children a family can have
• 280,000 people (5.6%) living with HIV/AIDS resulting in 24,000 deaths a year
o Possible plan – provide condom donations
• -0.94 migrants/1000 people – there is no one entering the country, only people moving out
o Possible plan – develop commercial housing in order to attract newer, more wealthy people to invest in the country
• Median age is 18.4 years – this means that the life expectancy is very low – indicates unhealthy living conditions and possible malnutrition
o Possible plan - institute medical staffing to help treat and quarantine diseases – develop clean agriculture and import products to improve quality of food
• Extensive deforestation – the little forest that remains is currently being cleared for agricultural use and used as fuel – this results in immense amounts of carbon dioxide being burned and also subjects the country to large amounts of soil erosion and leaves them unprotected to natural disasters, which are a major problem
o Possible plan – replant some of the forests that have been cut down – obviously, this plan will take years to prove effective – in the meantime, find alternate forms of fuel so that the deforestation process can be slowed – build disaster shelters and obtain and install instruments for the prevention of soil erosion
• Inadequate supplies of drinkable, fresh water – not enough clean, fresh water to support the society and not enough money to develop water treatment plants
o Possible plan – the water table is low in the Caribbean, so dig out reservoirs that can be used to harvest fresh water

CONCLUSION-
Basically, the major problem in Haiti is overpopulation. On the island, they have a density that over ten times that of the United States. Women are having way too many children at almost an average of 5 each and thus the population, which is already far too overpopulated continues to grow. Thus, because people are not using any protection from pregnancy, there has been a mass spreading of STD’s in the country. AIDS flourishes in the highly populated society and it has become an epidemic. The life expectancy is very low being that the median age in Haiti is only 18.4 years old, which is less than half of the United States average. Furthermore, the low economy and high population has forced a need for cheap energy. Thus, the Haitians have resorted to cutting down all of their forests to use as fuel. This has led to tremendous soil erosion and leaves the entire country vulnerable to natural disasters, such as mudslides and flooding. Finally, there is a very low amount of fresh water on the island, so water needs to be used wisely.

BUDGET / FIXING THE PROBLEM-
The first order of business would be to replenish the forests. This would provide stability in that disasters will be slowed and it will allow for the rest of the problems to be able to be fixed. I see us needing about $400 million in order to cover the costs of seeding, maintenance, and irrigation.
In order to irrigate and also for drinking water, Haiti will need a higher supply of water. The country should set aside a couple of square miles in one of its mountainous region, most likely the area about 25 miles directly south of Port Au Prince, for the construction of a reservoir. The water table in the Caribbean is much like that of Florida, very shallow. Therefore it would be possible to dig out a large reservoir that would self supply itself with water. Then, the reservoir would need a dam and a water treatment plant in order to clean the ground water. Finally, piping would need to be run throughout the country so that sufficient clean water would be able to be supplied to the general public. Also, there would need to be employees that would cover the 24/7 operating of the plant. Therefore, there would need to be about 3 shifts of about 1,000-2,000 people per shift, nationwide. Estimated cost of water project: $300 billion.
Next, we would need to deal with the problem of overpopulation. A long-term fix for this problem would be to adopt a law, much like China, where a woman may have no more than one or two children. The law will take a year or two to be put into effect to allow those that were planning on having another child to do so. It would also take probably twenty years before Haiti would see a significant difference. Also, it would be necessary to find a company to sponsor condom donations in order to limit the number of pregnancies and prevent the spreading of AIDS. This plan would be in hopes that we could save money for other projects.
Finally, Haiti would need about $600 million to cover the wages of the new employees and supplies needed to support these projects.

Funding the money would need to come from aid from the UN. Since Haiti is a very poor country, it would be irrelevant to tax the citizens because the money gained would be insufficient. So, most of the money would have to be supplied by being borrowed from several of the countries that are part of the UN. Several countries that may be willing to supply are the United States and Mexico, who are located closest to Haiti, France, who is the parent country of Haiti, and Britain, Netherlands, Spain, and Germany, all who own islands surrounding Haiti in the Caribbean.

Total cost of population/redevelopment: $400 million
$300 billion
+ $600 million in employee/other costs

$400 billion budget

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